ODA Spending

How much ODA does Canada allocate to agriculture?

Canada was the sixth-largest donor to agriculture in absolute terms in 2022, amounting to 5.9% of total ODA. Canada aims to enhance WEE and promote green growth through its investments in agriculture.

How is Canadian agricultural ODA changing?

The 46% increase in funding for agriculture between 2019 and 2020 was driven by enormous growth in earmarked funding to multilateral organizations. This growth may be related to the Canadian government’s commitments to agriculture as part of its effort to temper the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on global agriculture systems and food security. While growth in 2021 was minor relative to 2020 agriculture saw an absolute increase in 2022, reflecting Canada's continued commitment to mitigating global food insecurity.

How does Canada allocate agricultural ODA?

Bilateral Spending

In Canada’s FIAP, agriculture falls mainly under the action area ‘growth that works for everyone.’ The policy frames food security and agriculture within the larger lens of WEE and gender-inclusive climate change mitigation. In line with its prioritization of climate-smart agriculture, this sector received the largest share (43%) of Canada’s climate-related commitments in 2021 (see sector: ‘Climate’).

Multilateral Spending and Commitments

Canada's multilateral commitments to agriculture increased significantly in 2022, rising from US$53 million (17%) in 2021 to US$268 million in 2022 (51%). This is largely due to a sizable contribution to the GCF in 2022 and increased contributions to other multilaterals.

Funding & Policy Outlook

What is the current government's outlook on agricultural ODA?

Canada announced funding for several new initiatives in the agriculture sector at the G20 Summit in September 2023, totaling US$75 million. This included:

  • CAD63 million ( US$46 million) to support climate change adaptation in Sub-Saharan Africa by helping to build climate-resilient economies, protect and increase biodiversity, and empower women and girls;
  • CAD8 million ( US$6 million) to develop inclusive agricultural value chains in Bolivia to improve resilience for vulnerable Indigenous populations in the face of climate change and food insecurity;
  • CAD16 million ( US$12 million) to help finance and grow women-led agricultural enterprises in Nigeria; and
  • CAD15 million ( US$11 million) to help bolster food security in the Democratic Republic of Congo and increase incomes for women in the agricultural industry.

Canada also announced funding for several new projects and initiatives in the agriculture sector at the G7 Summit in May 2023 totaling US$360 million. The funding announced by Canada included:

  • US$211 million to the High Impact Partnership on Climate Action at the EBRD to help countries build clean and climate-resilient economies;
  • US$31 million to the Mirova Gigaton Fund for clean energy and climate-smart projects in emerging markets and LMICs;
  • US$74 million through the Canada-International Finance Corporation Facility for Resilient Food Systems to support improved food availability and affordability in LMICs; and
  • US$37 million to the Climate Smart Food Systems Fund for loans and technical assistance for up to 30 agricultural small and medium enterprises in LMICs to support climate-smart interventions, climate change adaptation, and resilient food systems.

Key bodies

Related Publications

A new era of development assistance: Key takeaways from the G7 summit

Donor Updates in Brief: 2023 OECD Preliminary Data

COP28: A pre-event primer for advocates

Looking for a cross donor perspective?

Learn more about SEEK's work on agriculture

Our Experts

Lauren Ashmore

Lauren Ashmore

Our Experts

Lauren Ashmore

Lauren Ashmore

Explore other deep-dives