ODA Spending

How much ODA does Spain allocate to agriculture?

How is Spanish agricultural ODA changing?

While agriculture has been listed as a priority of Spanish development policy, funding to this sector has stayed stable since 2018. While agricultural spending in 2022 marked the highest amount of funding channeled to agriculture in the past five years, the percentage of ODA towards agriculture was equal to that of 2021.

How does Spain allocate agricultural ODA?

Bilateral Spending

In 2022, 35% of Spain's agricultural ODA ( US$81 million) was channeled bilaterally. This included US$91 million channeled as bilateral funding and US$9 million channeled as earmarked funding through multilaterals.

Multilateral Spending and Commitments

Spain channeled more than half of its agriculture ODA, 66% or US$173 million, multilaterally as core contributions to multilateral organizations.

The table below summarizes Spain’s recent commitments to multilaterals working on agricultural development. Some of these commitments are considered core funding to multilaterals, while others are earmarked funding through multilaterals.

Funding and Policy Outlook

What is the current government's outlook on agricultural ODA?

Agriculture is a priority intervention area in the Spanish cooperation strategy to respond to COVID-19. This means Spanish funding for agricultural projects in the development sector in forthcoming OECD data could increase.

Multilateral commitments related to agriculture are expected to increase. The government invested heavily in the multilateral system in response to COVID-19, including in the agricultural sector. At the UN’s Uniting for Global Food Security conference in Berlin on June 24, 2022, Minister of Foreign Affairs Manuel Albares announced that Spain would increase its contribution to WFP by 75% in 2022 compared to the previous year. Albares also stated the MAEC would provide US$100 million for the GAFSP and abbrUS$5 million for IFAD. He outlined nutrition and rural development as long-term priorities of Spain’s development cooperation, especially in Central America and the Sahel region.

In September 2020, MAEC and State Secretariat for International Cooperation approved a Framework Co-Funding Agreement with IFAD. This new agreement, which aims to strengthen the financial collaborations between Spain and IFAD, will serve to foster rural development and fight hunger in LICs and MICs.

At UNGA77, Spain co-hosted the Food Security Summit in September 2022 and pledged EUR237 million (US$250 million) to combat food insecurity and build resilient agriculture systems in response to the global food crisis caused by the full-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine.

The current Spanish government tends to link rural development with climate adaptation interventions. In November 2022, on occasion of the UN Climate Summit COP27, Spain and Senegal launched the International Drought Resilience Alliance aimed at mobilizing financial and political resources for drought resilience.

Key Bodies

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