ODA for education remained relatively stable in 2020 at US14.7 billion, as in 2019.

Included in this total ODA to education is some funding that remains in donor countries to pay for scholarships and other ‘imputed student costs' associated with students from low- and middle-income countries studying in OECD countries. In 2020, both of these together amounted to US$4.2 billion. To get a more accurate picture of a donor’s cross-border flows of education, these costs must be subtracted from the totals below.

Top donors

In 2020, top donors were Germany, France, the US, the UK, and Japan.

These numbers include scholarships and other costs of students from ODA -recipient countries studying in donor-countries, which are high in Germany (US$1.8 billion in 2020) and France (US$993 million in 2020). When excluding these costs, Germany still remains the largest donor, followed by the US, the UK, France, and Japan.

The picture changes when looking at the share of donors’ total funding going towards education: In relative terms, the top DAC donors are Hungary, Slovenia, Poland, Portugal, and Austria – including in-country education costs.

Note to avoid double-counting, the EU Institutions are not included as a donor in the ranking of total education ODA.

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